Transplantation is considered as one of the most complex procedures in the field of medical science. But when we speak of liver transplant in India, a greater number of witnesses have experienced successful liver transplantation. Where in the late 90s, the transplantation teams in the hospital were witnessing unsuccessful attempts, until 1998, where a specialized team of doctors performed a successful living donor liver transplant.
Over the last 22 years, liver transplant in India has seen a greater transformation and evolved from a rarity to a common procedure, where the success rate has reached up to 95%. While the success rate does not guarantee a challenge-free recovery. Below are a few challenges that a patient faces after a successful liver transplant surgery:
- Greater risk of Infection and cancer- Post the transplantation surgery, a patient is kept under immunosuppressant medication, which helps in the revival of the organ after an operation. The medication suppresses the immune system of the patient, leaving him at a greater risk of infection.
- Hypertension or seizures- Medical doses for the transplant recipients are usually very high, which leaves side effects leaving the patients at a greater risk of hypertension and sometimes seizures.
- Irregular bleedings- Around 30% of reproductive age women face irregular menstruation cycle, and acute vaginal bleeding, which leaves them at a greater risk of developing blood clots. To prevent irregular bleedings, some women might have to go under the hysterectomy procedure, which is a surgical operation to remove the part of the uterus.
- Shrinking or leaks of the bile ducts- Shrinking or leakage of the bile duct can occur after a liver transplant surgery. The leakage can cause inflammation, and infection in the abdominal cavity, which usually results in fatigue, weight loss, jaundice, and severe pain.
Being in the 21st century, transplantation medicine is still considered to be a complicated and challenging area. While scientists with a high level of experience in the medical field, are trying to figure out ways to reduce the risk post-surgery challenges faced by the patients.
While the patients are in the recovery phase, they must take care of their health through proper nutrition, regular exercise. Below are a few precautions one must take to reduce the risk of infection and other side effects.
- Avoid people with infectious diseases
- Only take recommended antibiotics as prescribed by the doctors
- Strictly follow the food safety guidelines
- Practice proper handwashing techniques
- Avoiding touching objects that might carry germs and harmful microorganisms
- Prevent expose to soil
- Do not share any toiletries
- Avoid pets
India has become a forefront in successful Liver Transplant procedures in the world. Today Liver Transplant in India is possible for all types of recipients, with low or negligible risk of vascular or binary complications. There are usually 4 types of Liver transplant which are Orthotopic Transplant, Living donor transplant, split type Liver transplantation, and Auxiliary Liver Transplantation. The innovation in Robotic and Laparoscopic surgery techniques have made it easier for the specialized teams of doctors in hospitals to perform any type of transplantation with ease.